COMMUNITY-BASED CONSERVATION GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT TRACKING TOOL: SHARING EXPERIENCE FROM PRACTICE
Dereje Wakjira, Zelealem Ashenafi and Karen Laurenson
Frankfurt Zoological Society

 

Abstract
In the past two decades we have seen the spread of community-based conservation (CBC) approaches in Africa which seek to engage local communities in management decisions and rights to use common pool resources. In Ethiopia, federal and regional states have introduced new policies and laws to support CBC and there have been some successes. Until the end of 2012, more than 550 groups had been organised to manage and sustainably use forests, wildlife and their habitats. However, local communities and their organizations need support in order to strengthen their adaptive management capacity. A major downfall of CBC is the absence of a quick tool to compile quantitative and/or qualitative data on social, economic and environmental impacts. To overcome this we developed a CBC governance and management tracking tool (GMTT) by looking at attributes related to general context, planning processes, governance, inputs mobilised and overall outcomes. We prepared 21 questions (with multiple choice answers scaled from 0 to 3) covering the attributes for completion by field staff and community representatives. We then applied the tool in seven CBC areas for two years in order to validate and improve the GMTT. We found that the GMTT as an important tool for practitioners in order to quickly identify CBC gaps, plan interventions and monitor progress. We also recommend adapting some of the questions depending on context of a specific CBC.
Presentation Topic

COMMUNITY-BASED CONSERVATION GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT TRACKING TOOL: SHARING EXPERIENCE FROM PRACTICE
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Email Dereje Wakjira